In the Line Dance styles you will find 6 Styles:
(Rise & Fall, Lilt, Smooth, Cuban, Funky & Novelty)
Rise & Fall
Foxtrot is a smooth progressive dance characterized by long, continuous flowing movements across the dance floor. Harry Fox, a vaudeville star who trotted around the stage with various partners, chosen alternatively from a dancing group, is generally accepted as the initiator of the Fox Trot. Mr Fox was believe t be first person to use "slow step"- hence the birth of the Foxtrot. With this dance we strive to create smooth, flowing movement.
The Quickstep is a light-hearten member of the standard ballroom dances. The movement of the dance is fast and powerfully flowing and sprinkled with syncopation s. The upbeat melodies that quickstep is danced to make it suitable for both formal and informal events. Quickstep was developed in the twenties in New York and was first danced by Caribbean and African dancers. It's origins are in combination of slow foxtrot combined with the Charleston, a dance which was one of the precursors to what today is called swing dancing.
The Viennese Waltz is a rotary dance where the dancers are constantly turning either in a clockwise (natural) or anti-clockwise (reverse) direction interspersed with non-rotating change steps to switch between the direction of rotation. A true Viennese Waltz consists only turns and change steps. Furthermore, in a properly danced Viennese Waltz, couples do not pass, but turn continuously left and right while travelling counter clockwise around the floor following each other.
Waltz is a smooth progressive dance characterized by long, flowing movements, continuous turns, and rise & fall. Graceful and elegant, Waltz dancers glide around the floor almost effortlessly. The American style is punctuated with lavish open movements, underarm turns, and solo spins. At 28-30 measures per minute, the tempo is slow at best, but the expressive quality of the music often invites very powerful and dynamic movement from dancers
EAST COST SWING
The East Coast Swing originated in the South of the United States. It was first danced with a slight shuffling movement. As the shuffling, or single motion progress, it evolved into both double and triple swing and today all three form the basic for a good swing. East Coast Swing is a form of social partner dance. It is danced under fast swing music, including rock and roll and boogie-woogie.
The Jive is a dance style that originated in the United States from African-Americans in the early 1930s. Many of its basic patterns are similar to these of the East Coast Swing with the major difference of highly syncopated rhythm of the Triple Steps (Chasses), which use straight eighths in East Coast Swing and hard swing in Jive.
The polka is originally a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. It originated in the 19th century in Bohemia. The Polka remains a popular folk music genre in many countries
The Samba has its origins in Samba of Brazil at the beginning of the 20th century. Many steps can be traced back to the Maxixe danced in the 1910s. Most steps are danced with a slight downward bouncing or dropping action. This action is created through the bending and straightening of the knees, with bending occurring on the beats of 1 and 2, and the straightening occurring between. It uses several different rhythmic patterns in its figures, with cross-rhythms being a common feature. Also, Samba has a specific hip action, different from the Rumba and Cha Cha.
Nightclub, sometimes disco two step or California two step is a partner dance. The dance is one of the most popular forms of contemporary social dance as a Disco Couples Dance in 1978. It is frequently danced to mid-tempo ballads in 4/4 time that have a characteristic quick-quick-slow beat.
Tango is earthy and dramatic. Although walking movements dominate, Tango Walks, having a "Stalking" or "sneaking" character, are unlike the walks of other ballroom dances. Movements are sometimes slow and slithery, and other times sharp and staccato, such as a quick foot flick or a sharp hard snap to promenade position. Tango has the same counter clockwise flow of movement around the dance floor, but with a lesser sense of urgency in comparison . Tango has the same counter clockwise flow of movement around the dance floor, but to the smoother and more continuous ballroom dances.
The two-step is a partner dance, consisting of a "leader" and a "follower." The leader determines the movements and patterns of the pair as they move around the dance floor. It is a progressive dance that proceeds counter clockwise around the floor. Usually, the two people dancing are man and woman, or woman and woman, but rarely man and man. Generally, the man would lead the dance as the "leader," and in the cases where they dance in the circle, the man dancing in the inside of the circle.
WEST COAST SWING
The West Coast Swing originated from the East Coast Swing. West Coast Swing is smoother, more sensual, and done to music with a slower tempo than East Coast. West Coast is danced in a line which is referred to as the dancer's "slot". West Coast Swing lends itself to a good deal of improvisation.
The dance has two geographical points from which it sprung, Cuba & United States. The tempo s slow and staccato, much like a sensational blues number. It is a derivation of the Mambo and through its Latin music - and it also is a step child of the Swing. In general, steps are kept compact and the dance is danced generally without any rise and fall. In essence it is firmly based on its Cuban origin in the 1950s.
Rumba is one of the ballroom dances which occurs in social dance and in competitions. The Rumba was derived from a Cuban rhythm and dance called the bolero-son. The Rumba is a delightful favourite characterised by a smooth, supply hip motion. The Rumba is a slower dance of about 120 beats per minute which corresponds, both in music and in dance to what the Cubans of an older generation called the bolero-son.
In the late 1940s, Perez Prado came up with the dance for the mambo music and became the first person to market his music as "mambo", meaning conversation the gods in the Kongo language. Cuban dancers would describe mambo as "feeling the music" in which sound and movement were merged through the body. The extent of the Mambo's conquest may be appreciated in the fact that it's rhythm, not content in being restricted to Latin melodies.
Salsa is one of the most dynamic and important musical phenomena of the 1900s. In many Hispanic communities, it remains today the most popular style of dance and music. Salsa refers both to the music and the dance done to that music. The rhythm for Salsa is quick-quick- slow. To dancers, a "quick" is a step that lasts for one musical beat and a "slow" lasts for two beats..
Funky/Street - demonstrating footwork and bodywork that is consistent with Hip-Hop or Street. Common dances use in Funky include Hip Hop, Break Dance and Crumpin.
Novelty - demonstrating footwork and bodywork that is consistent with Show Performances. Common dances include lyrical, jazz, modern and ballet.